Eastern Europe and Russia, AP World History p.2


Balkans- people from the Balkan territory
Basil II- the Byzantine emperor known as Bulgaroktonos, or slayer of the Bulgarians.
Belisarius- Justinian's important commander while they took over Western Europe
Black Death- A plague that took place during the 14th century and minimized Europe's population
Boyars- Russian aristocrats
Bulgaria- in the Northern Balkan peninusla
Byzantine Empire- a Greek-speaking empire that took over the eastern half of the Roman empire

Constantine- The Roman Emperor that wanted to force Christianity to combine the empires spiritually
Constantinople- the capital of the Byzantine Empire
Cyril and Methodius- they converted southern Russia and Balkans Orthodox. They also created the writing known as Cyrillic
Cyrillic Alphabet- the alphabet developed from the Greek which is used for slavic writing

Greek fire- a weapon created by the Byzantines which is composed of chemicals that ignite when it touches water

Hagia Sophia- a chruch located in Constantinople; built during the rule of Justinian
Hellenistic Culture- a culture that developed from the Greek civilizations
Huns- nomadic people that took over Europe in the 4th century

icons- a symbol that indicates things, ex. religious work of art
iconoclasm- the act of someone destroying religious works of art

Justinian- an emperor that held the eastern border of the Byzantine Empire against the Persians

Magyars- a group of people associated with Hungary
Manzikert- a small city located in eastern Turkey

Orthodox Christian Church- the prevalent church in Eastern Europe/Russia, separated from the Catholic church in a schism that would permanently divide the two Catholic religions
Ottoman Turks- a group of Turkic's that dominated the Southeastern Europe, Middle East and parts of Africa

Procopius- a contemporary historian who has described Justinian's achievements

Ravenna- a key artistic center in Italy
Rurik- Legendary Scandinavian, regarded as founder of the first kingdom of Russia based in Kiev in 855 C.E.
Russian Orthodoxy- Russian form of Christianity imported from the Byzantine Empiire and combined with local religion; king characteristically controlled major appointments

Sassinian Empire- vulnerable empire of Persia

Tatars- Russian word for the Mongols
Theodora- wife of Justinian, important ruler of Byzantium along with him
Tsar- Russian word for ruler, meaning Caesar

Vladimir- ruler of Russian kingdom of Kiev from 980 to 1015; converted kingdom to Christianity

Yaroslav I- (978-1054); Last of great Kievan monarchs; issued legal codification based on formal codes developed in Byzantium

Zoe- friend of Theodora

Mariana A-Z, 1/26/11, Emily A., 2/18/11