Eastern Europe and Russia, AP World History p.2

Conflict Analysis

Battle of Lepanto

Time period: 7 October 1571
Type of conflict: Battle, lasted only 5 hours
Underlying causes: Muslim and Christian tension
Turning Points/Important events: The Ottomans had been losing battles increasingly for some time. This final battle was the turning point in Ottoman/Christian conflicts as the Ottomans lost most of their fleet after the battle.
End result: The Ottoman fleet was defeated
Short-term effects: The Ottoman fleet was defeated but was rebuilt only a year later.
Long-term effects: The Ottomans had sustained yet another blow, and the threat that the Europeans had placed on them dissipated.

Summary: The Battle of Lepanto is the first of many Ottoman losses to come, thus gaining itself importance as the beginning of the Ottoman downfall.

Partition of Poland

Time period: Three partitions each in 1772, 1793 and 1795
Type of Conflict: verbal
Underlying causes: Catherine the Great pushed russia into the affairs of Europe, especially those of Poland. Poland was in weakened state at the time and could not put up much resistance against influence from other nations
Turning Points/Important events: Required an agreement with Prussia (Germany) and Austria
Ending Events: The third partition had the remnants of Poland divided up. Russia received the largest share.
End Result: Many of the Polish people were forced to immigrate to other countries.
Short-term effects: Poland was divided and Russia's territory greatly expanded
Long-term effects: The people of Poland that were forced to emigrate carried with them a strong sense of freedom and liberty that impacted the mentality of other nations. Basis of Russia's involvement in European affairs, invasions of Western Europe started.

Summary: The Partition of Poland led to the dissilusion of the Polish state. It was an example of Russian intervention and conquering of other territories. And, besides the fact, was one of the first of many takeovers of Poland by a country that was larger than them.
by Richard C. 2/17/11