Eastern Europe and Russia, AP World History p.2

Peoples Analysis: Russia

Name of group: the Russians
Time period: mid-15th century
Location: Russia
Important neighbors: the Golden Horde, Sweden, Poland-Lithuania, Siberia, Ottoman Empire
  • territorial expansion
  • cossacks (peasant-adventurers)
  • loyalty of the boyars (nobility)
  • commercial and cultural contact with the West
  • provincial and urban governments
  • increased manufacturing output
  • the Time of Troubles were rebellion and invasion
  • restricted freedom of peasants
  • exploitation of peasants through serfdom (practically just slavery in this time period)
  • Agriculture saw little improvement
  • peasant revolts were brutally repressed
Impact on neighbors:
  • Westernization
  • Russian expansion in Asia and Western Siberia
  • partition of Poland
  • the war with Sweden
  • the reign of Peter the Great and Catherine
  • change in the political and cultural place of Russia in European developments
Summary: Russia left a huge legacy upon the world as "the thrid Rome". For further clarification, please see the essay entitled, Is Russia really the third Rome?
Kevin G., 2/11/11
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Name of Group: the Ottomans
Time period: 1453-1683
Location: Southeast Europe
Important neighbors: Persia, Egypt, Arabia, Byzantium
  • military/advanced weaponry
  • Janissaries
  • the Turkish language in literature and art
  • military aristocracy/nobles
  • dynamism slowly being lost
  • poor communication
  • widespread corruption
  • the power of the sultans diminished
Impact on neighbors:
  • caused the fall of the Byzantine empire
  • conquest of Constantinople
  • inflation from Latin America
  • conquest of Constantinople to Istanbul
  • Suleymaniye mosque
  • successor states, i.e. Turkey and the Balkans

Summary: The Ottomans conquered Byzantium, a prevalent empire in Eastern Europe. They are now essentially Eastern Europe.
Kevin Garcia 2/16/11