Eastern Europe and Russia, AP World History p.2

Time Period: 1450-1750
Sig. Events during Time Period:
·         Fall or Constantinople (1453)
·         Columbus’ Arrival in New World (1492)
·         Ivan the Terrible conquers Kazan and Astrakhan (1552)
·         Yermaks Voyage leads to annexation of Siberia (1580)
·         Prussia becomes strong European power (1740)

Society One: Russia
Society Two: Ottoman Empire

Characteristics of Russia and the Ottoman Empire

Political: Semi-Monarchy; later total monarchy/dictatorship 

Social: Foreigners separated;

Economic: Tributary State; Dependant zone

Religious: Russian Orthodox

Technological: Gunpowder, Sea Navigation, 

Military: Initially weak and fragmented; Grows to great strength under Peter the Great

Geographical: N. China to Baltic Sea, Siberia to E. Prussia

Muslim Nation; foreigners accepted

Masters of East-West trade routes


Gunpowder, Sea Navigation,

Strong, united; defeated Russian Army near the Black Sea

From Black Sea to Constantinople, Constantinople to Arabia

Similarities: Russia and the Ottoman Empire were similar in the fact that they both used gunpowder, both had good sea navigation, and they both ended up with strong and united armies and navies.

Differences:  Russia was a monarchial dictatorship, while the Ottoman Empire was an autocracy. Russia was a tributary state to the Mongol Empire until it broke free, and then became a dependant zone on European and Asian trade, while the Ottoman Empire controlled East-West trade over land, since it was in control of Constantinople.  Russia was an Orthodox state, while the Ottoman Empire was an Islamic state.

Summary:  The comparison between Russia and the Ottoman Empire is important because it shows us, basically, the two ends of the spectrum of the world from 1450 to 1750. Also, comparing the two societies show us how many of the world civilizations rose from essentially ashes to great empires.                                    

Michael D. 2/12/11