Eastern Europe and Russia, AP World History p.2

Leader Analyses


Lifespan: death: 1750 B.C.E.
Title: King of Babylon
Country/Region: Egypt/Babylon
Years in Power: 42 years (1792-1750 B.C.E.)
Prior to Gaining Power: No real control of law or a strong government. People began using silver as a means of exchange for buying and selling.
Ideaology, Motivation, Goals: His goals were to promote the welfare of the people. Also to cause justice to prevail in the land by destroying the wicked and the evil.
Short-term effects: Many centuries during and after the heyday of Babylon, peace and civilization in the Middle East were troubled by the invasion of hunting and herding groups.
Long-term effects: Political units declined in favor of smaller city-states. Opened new cultural ideas and different cultures.
Significant: Beginning of early civilization that moved to other parts of the world, created ideas that people later would follow.

Cyrus the Great

Lifespan: 600 B.C.E.-530 B.C.E.
Title: King of many Aryavrata, Persia, Anshon, Media, Babylon, Sumer, etc.
Country/Region: Persian Empire
Years in Power: 359 B.C.E.-330 B.C.E. (30 years)
Prior to Gaining Power: Greek political institutions rose, the declined, and Roman interests was not identical to the rise of Greece. Rome mastered engineering; Greece specialized in scientific thought. Rome created a mighty empire. Greece and Rome shared political ideas, also had common religion, artistic style, and economic system.
Ideaology, Motivation, Goals: Cyrus the Great's ideaology was to keep the world state. His goal was to establish a massive Roman empire across the Northern Middle East.
Short-Term Effects: Persians advanced in iron technolgoy, developed a new religion (Zoroastrianism)
Long-Term Effects: Persian language and cultural survived to Northern parts of the Middle East, also having a major effect on Europe and Russia.
Significance: His army travelled to Europe and beyond and attacked European nomads in an attempt to re-establish the Persian Empire

Julius Caesar

Lifespan: 100 B.C.E.- 44 C.E.
Title: Emperor (dictator) of Rome
Country/Region: Roman Republic
Years in Power: 48 B.C.E-44 B.C.E.
Prior to Gaining Power: There were many slave revolts and economic stagnations. Caesar was not there at this time, travelling to other parts to discover new land.
Ideaology, Motivation, Goals: Successful in war, Rome needed a "thug" ruler because of the slave rebels.
Short-Term Effects: When Caesar was assassinated a large civil war was started in Rome
Long-Term Effects: Brought dicator-like government and order to Rome, making Augustus Caesar (his successor) the next central ruler
Significance: He crossed many oceans, discovering Europe and conquering many territories for Rome (Greece was conquered before Caesar's death)


Lifespan: 483 C.E.-565 C.E.
Title: Emperor of the Byzantine Empire
Country/Region: Byzantine Empire
Years in Power: 527 C.E.-565 C.E. (38 years)
Prior to Gaining Power: Byzantine Empire was a product of the fall of the Roman empire, so Rome fell. Byzantine language was Greek. Some pressure from outside invaders. Many farmers were could be found, creating prime economic conditons.
Ideaology, Motivation, Goals: Surrounded himself with men and women of extraordinary talent, matched the authoritarian tone of Roman rulers.
Short-Term Effects: Brief recapture of the heritage of Rome
Long-Term Effects: Allowed inter-marriage between social classes
Significance: Recieved plague in early 540s C.E. but recovered. Keen interest in theological matters and debates on Christian doctrine.

Alexander the Great

Lifespan: 356 B.C.E.-323 B.C.E.
Title: King of Macedon
Country/Region: Macedonian Empire (Greece), Babylon
Years in Power: 336 B.C.E.-323 B.C.E.
Prior to Gaining Power: Athens and Sparta vied for the control of Greece during the bitter Peloponnesian wars. Ambitious kings from Macedon conquered the cities. Philip II won a crucial battle, paving the path for his son to gain control.
Ideaology, Motivation, Goals: Didn't like trade, expand the Macedonian Empire
Short-Term Effects: Conquered many kingdoms in a little over a decade, started the path for cultural diffusion.
Long-Term Effects: Paved the way for new cultural developments, important Greek civilization rised
Significance: Travelled greatly, caused and won many wars, created regional kingdoms that maintained little but some control of the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East for several centuries.


Lifespan: 272 C.E.-337 C.E.
Title: Emperor of the Roman Empire
Country/Region: Roman Empire (more specifically the soon to be Byzantine Empire on the Greek penninsula)
Years in Power: 324 C.E.-337 C.E. (30 years)
Prior to Gaining Power: Rome was falling, their slow 250 year fall, finally ended when the invaders outnumbered the Romans. The government was less effective, the economy declined (along with trade), populations and birth rate fell.
Ideaology, Motivation, Goals: Adopted Christianity because it suited his needs.
Short-Term: allowed non-Roman recruits to join the army
Long-Term: adopted Christianity (now centralized in Rome)
Significance: Adopted the Christian religion, which is now the primary religion for people of that region. Adopted a local government.
all analyses by Kristina M., 12/15/10