Eastern Europe and Russia, AP World History p.2

Timeline of Important People, Trends, and Events, Foundations to 600 C.E.

2.5 Million B.C.E.-humans emerge in Africa (without the emergence of humans, there would be no Greece)
750,000 B.C.E.- beginning of Homo Erectus species of man (another primitive form of humans, required for proper evolution to who we are today, the Homo Sapiens Sapiens)
600,000 B.C.E.- migration across Asia, Europe, and Africa begins-fire use begins (this is when they get to Greece and Russia and become innovative!)
12,000 B.C.E.- use of stone tools begins, end of Paleolithic age, beginning of Stone Age (invention led to who the Greece were)
5,500 B.C.E.- Catal Huyuk at peak (beginnings of major modern civilizations-we look back on the classical civilizations now, the classical civilizations looked back on these guys. pg. 15-16)
1700 B.C.E.- Indo-European invasions of the Greek Penninsula (think Greek natives, if confused look on pg. 79)
1400 B.C.E.- The Kingdom of Mycenae (Greece before it was Greece); Trojan war (the war in Homer's epics)
800-600 B.C.E.- Rise of the Greek City States (Major ones: Athens and Sparta) (this is when Greece becomes a big civilization)
c. 700 B.C.E.- Illiad and Odyssey are written, Greek architecture as we know it is made (their literature and art forms, respectively)
470-430 B.C.E.- Athens is at its height-The four major philosophers are philosophising: Pericles, Phidias, Sophocles, Socrates (these four philosophers either made or paved the path for most modern ways of thinking and scientifical theory today)
431-404 B.C.E.- Peloponnesian Wars (the big war between Sparta and Athens that led to Macedonia taking over the Greek penninsula)
359-336- Reign of Phillip II of Macedonia (Alexander the Great's father) (Remember Macedon????? If not, check pgs. 80-81)
338-323 B.C.E.- Macedonian Empire, Alexander the Great (took Macedon and expanded it through the middle East to India, although his victory was short lived. pg. 81)
300-100 B.C.E.- Hellenistic Period (Hellenes-another name for the Greeks, when Greek art and culture mixed with Middle Eastern art and culture)
264-146 B.C.E.- Punic Wars (war between Rome and Carthage, at this time Greece was apart of Rome)
49 B.C.E.- Julius Caesar becomes dictator of Rome (Julius Caesar conquered Greece for the Romans)
44 B.C.E.- assassination of Julius Caesar (he conquered them and was their ruler)
27 B.C.E.- Augustus Caesar takes power, Roman Empire rises (Greece is still part of the Roman empire)
4 B.C.E.- Birth of Jesus (crucified by the Romans when Greece was part of Rome, central part of Christian faith that Greece would later adapt as the Byzantines)
30 C.E.- Crucifixion of Jesus (done by the Romans, central part of Christian faith that Greece would later adopt as the Byzantines)
63 C.E.- Forced dissolution of independent Jewish state by Romans (Greece still apart of Rome)
101-106 C.E.- Greatest Spread of Roman Territory (Greece still apart of Rome)
180 C.E.- Death of Marcus Aurelius; Decline of Roman Empire begins (Greece still apart of Rome)
284-305 C.E.- Reign of Diocletian (Roman Emperor, while Greece was still apart of Rome, who tried to turn things around)
312-337 C.E.- Reign of Constantine (Roman Emperor, later Byzantine Empire, the eastern half of the Roman Empire when it finally fell)
313 C.E.- Constantine adopts Christianity (main religion of Greece today)
450 C.E.- Huns invade India (One of many Germanic tribes that formed in the Western Roman territories after Rome's fall: others included Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Vandals, Burgundians, Franks, and Anglo-Saxons)
476 C.E.- Fall of Rome (extremely important to understand why: look on pgs. 107-111) (this is when Greece is no longer apart of the Roman Empire and becomes the Byzantine Empire)
527-565 C.E.- Justinian's reign (Byzantine Empire ruler who attempted to remake the Roman empire, only in the East, ended up losing territory, made famous laws)
The Athenian Acropolis. The building in the center is the Parthenon. Most of the buildings were built during the 400's C.E. (MyHistoryLab)
Analysis: Notice how high up the buildings are; this shows that the Greeks valued government.
-Emily A., 12/13/10-12/14/10